Alexandra Pellicena, MD, FACOG
OB-GYN located in Houston, TX
If you're experiencing abnormal bleeding, uterine fibroids might be to blame. Schedule your appointment today with Dr. Alexandra Pellicena at her self-named clinic in Houston, Texas to find out what's causing your abnormal menstruation and what treatments are available for you. Dr. Pellicena specializes in diseases impacting women and the female reproductive system. Her goal is to provide compassionate, confidential care focused on your whole well-being.
Fibroids Q & A
What are uterine fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow within your uterus. Although they are comprised of the same tissue that builds the wall of your uterus, they're round and much denser.
Fibroids can grow in many different locations within the uterus colon on the outside of the uterus, the inside of the uterus, or within the wall of the uterus.
What causes uterine fibroids?
While the exact causes of uterine fibroids are unknown, scientists have found that specific factors play a role including:
- Growth factor alterations
- Genetic abnormalities
- Problems with a blood vessel system
- Family history
If other women in your family have a history of uterine fibroids, you're at higher risk of developing them yourself. Additionally, black women are at higher risk of developing fibroids than Caucasian women.
What are the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids?
The most common symptom of uterine fibroids is ear regular bleeding or menstruation.
Some women experience prolonged periods or excessively heavy periods while other women experience abnormal or painful menstruation. It's important to seek medical treatment for excessive bleeding before you develop iron deficiency anemia or other complications.
Other symptoms associated with uterine fibroids include:
- Pelvic pain and pressure
- Frequent or obstructed urination
- Pressure on the rectum
- Causing difficulty having a bowel movement
Some people believe that uterine fibroids may also impact fertility.
Do I need medical treatment for uterine fibroids?
In many cases, no. When uterine fibroids do not produce undesirable side effects or symptoms, no medical treatment is necessary.
However, when uterine fibroids produce excessive bleeding, prolonged bleeding, or other unwanted symptoms that are impacting your quality of life, it's important to visit with your doctor about your experiences. They can help you determine which treatment is best.
How are uterine fibroids treated?
Treatment varies depending on the signs and symptoms of your uterine fibroids, your medical history, and your treatment goals. Treatment might include:
- Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)
- Myomectomy (surgical removal of the fibroids)
- Cryosurgery (freezing fibroids)
- Uterine artery embolization (UAE)
Only a qualified doctor can determine the best course of treatment in your situation; schedule your consultation appointment today to learn more about treatment options, recovery time, and outcomes.